Some Primates of the Kingdom of Naples Two Silicies

Some Primates of the Kingdom of Naples Two Silicies

1732 the most ancient synology and oriental studies institute of Europe (Chinese College of Naples).

1735 the first chair of Astronomy and Nautical Science given to Pietro de Martino in Naples, Italy.

1739 creation of the first trade court in Italy.

1739 first powder and wind rifle in Italy (Naples, Raimondo de Sangro).

1751 first legislation in Italy on healthcare organization.

1753 first studies on sclerodermia thanks to Carlo Curzio

1754 first chair of Economy given to Antonio Genovesi in Naples.

1759 first italian newspaper (Diario Notizioso).

1763 first italian cemetery for the poor people (the so called “Cimitero delle 366 fosse”, in Naples).

1764 first studies on epidemiology in Italy with Michele Sarcone

1770 the first “nautical carriage” in Europe (the future hovercraft) in Naples (Raimondo de Sangro).

1774 the first institution in Italy of the motivation for the verdicts (Gaetano Filangieri).

1777 first italian state which created official diplomatic relations with the Russian Empire.

1780 first lawyer register in Italy

1781 the first modern maritime code (created by Michele de Jorio).

1781 the first modern maritime code

1782 first intervention in Italy – prophylaxis against 1783 prime leggi antisismiche in Italia.

1783 first cemetery in Europe that could be used by all social classes (Palermo).

1787 female modern obstetrics art is born (thanks to Teresa Ployant).

1789 some “working-class houses” were assigned in Itay for the first time (San Leucio, Caserta).

1789 free healthcare assistance is offered for the first time (San Leucio).

1796 first italian city that hosted the newborn American Consulate (consulate of Naples with John Mathieu).

1801 first world discover of an asteroid: “Cerere Ferdinandea” (Giuseppe Piazzi).

1801 first mineralogical museum worldwide.

1802 first creation of vaccine offices in Italy.

1806 first chair of zoology in Italy.

1807 first modern botanical garden in Naples, Italy.

1812 first italian Dance School admitted in San Carlo.

1813 first psychiatric hospital in Italy (Reale Morotrofio di Aversa).

1817 first italian law on immigration management and reception.

1818 first vapour boat in the Mediterranean sea (Ferdinando I).

1818 first Italian school for blind people at the Santi Giuseppe e Lucia hospice.

1818 first institution of the system in Italy (with 2% deductions on salaries).

1819 first edifice built for an Astronomic Observatory in Italy in Capodimonte.

1822 first researches and publications on homeopathic medicine in Italy.

1828 first homeopathic medicine experiments in Italy (Palermo).

1830 first alethoscopy ,optic machinery invented by Raffaele Sacco.

1831 first istitution of an unemployment allowance  for those that can not work.

1832 first suspended iron bridge in Continental Europe (Garigliano).

1832  first italian ordinance on urban cleanness (con raccolta differenziata).

1832 first creation in Italy od an organism fot Statistic studies (Major Direction of Statistics with the Statistics Newspaper of Sicily).

1832 lower number of crazy people compaired to the European population (1 out of 10.404 in Naples Kingdom, 1 out of 1.000 in France, 1 out of 883 in England, 1 out of 5.568 in Piemonte).

1833 highest numer of vaccinated people in Italy against variola compaired to the population (more than 1.300.000oltre un milione e trecentomila persone in venti anni).

1833  first cruise ship in Europe (Francesco I).

1833  highest longevity rate in Europe (1 person who is ninety years old out of 117 dead people, 1 person who is 100 out of 946 dead, compaired to the European average of 1 out of 1 a 11.996).

1835 first Italian Institute for deaf and dumb people.

1836 first navigation company (vapour) in the Mediterranean sea.

1836 first Italian project for cars (vapour), in Sicily.

1836 first studies in Europe against muscular dystrophy (prof. Gaetano Conte).

1838 Raffaele Piria’s first studies on salicylic acid (he would call it “aspirin” later).

1839 first Italian railway, Napoli-Portici

1839 first Italian railway, Napoli-Portici.

1839 first gas lighting in an Italian city (the third in Europe after London and Paris) con 350 lamps.

1839 first regulation on cultural goods safeguard in Italy.

1840 first engineering factory in Italy with the highest numer of employees (1.050) in Pietrarsa, Naples.

1841 first seismological centre in Italy (in Vesuvio).

1841 first lenticular lighthouse (with constant light)in Nisida, Italy.

1843 first war ship (vapour) in Italy (pirofregata Ercole, in Castellammare).

1843 first Italian psychiatric newspaper published at the “ Reale Morotrofio di Aversa” by Biagio Miraglia.

1843 first projet regarding the first “lift”(or “flying chair” in Italy).

1844 creation  of a brand for the first time for a product protection (“guarantee of origin” for the Apulian oil).

1845 first vapour locomotive fabricated in Pietrarsa. Italy.

1845 first Italian metereological observatory at the foot of Vesuvio

1845 first Institute in the world on volcanic phenomena studies (Vesuvian Observatory).

1846 realisation of the first hilly locomotive in Italy created by Giovanni Pattison. The locomotive is able to overcome 2,5% slopes.

1851 first Italian motorised washing maching in Naples (at “l’Albergo dei Poveri”)

1852 first Italian dry dock in Naples’ port.

1852 first electric lighting experiment in Capodimonte, Italy.

1853 first steamship in the Mediterranean to the United States (“il Sicilia” by Salvatore De Pace’s  Sicilian Transatlantic Society: 26 days spent).

1853 first penal positive school principle application for crimals recovery.

1853 first carriageable tunnel in Naples, between San Francesco di Paola and piazza Vittoria.

1854 first steamship that landed in North America (“il Sicilia”).

1855 first electric telegraph in Italy.

1856 first electromagnetic seismograph in the world built by Luigi Palmieri.

1858 first rail tunnel in Nocera.

1859 first nation in Italy and second in Europe regarding gloves production (700.000 dozens of pairs each year).

1859 first Italian flag and second in the world (after the English one) regarding the presences at French ports.

1860 the biggest naval industry in Italy regarding the total number of workers (in Castellammare).

1860 la più grande industria navale d’Italia per numero di operai (a Castellammare)

1860 first military Italian fleet.

1860 first merchant fleet in Italy (second fleet in the world)

1860 the lowest tax charge in Europe.

1860 the biggest quantity of liras-golden kept in national banks in Italy (out of 668 millions liras-golden, heritage of all italian states, 433 millions belonged to Two Sicilies Kingdom).

1860 highest quantity of circulating money in Italy (433 millions of liras).

1860 the most populated city in Italy, Naples (447.065 citizens compaired to 204.715 Turin citizens or to 194.587 Rome citizens).

1860 highest percentage of workers in industries in Italy

1860 highest percentage of workers in industries in Italy (1.189.582 only in the continental Southern Italy).

1860 first Italian state with the highest percentage of orphanags, hospices, colleges, conservatories and assistance/ educatio structures.

1860 first “Borsa Merci” in Italy and second “Borsa Valori” in continental Europe.

1860 the lowest percentage of childhood death rate.

1860 the highest rate of people who is 100 years old in Italy (46 100years old people still in 1861 in Neapolitan provinces, 9 in Piedmont, 4 in Lombardy).

1860 the highest percentage of doctors per citizen in Italy.

1860 first Italian city per number of theatres.

1860 first Italian city per number of conservatories.

1860 first “local strategic plan” for Naples.

1860 first city in Italy per number of typographies (Napoli: 113).

1860 highest number (even in percentage) of registered students in Italian universities (Napoli, 10.528).

1860 first Italian city with the highest number of newspapers and magazines.

1860 lowest rate of death convicted in Italy (since 1848).

1860 the highest quotation of a civil income (120% in Paris Stock Exchange).

1860 the lowest tax charge in Europe.

1860 the lowest percentage of emigrants in Italy.